Mustard Baked Salmon with Grilled Asparagus

by: Adam Moore
Wednesday, June 28, 2017

MUSTARD BAKED SALMON WITH GRILLED ASPARAGUS

Not only is salmon packed with protein, it's also full of healthy fats and nutrients. By all accounts, salmon is one of the best protein sources to add to your diet, but it can be difficult to cook and enjoy. It often takes trial and error to get your salmon recipe just right. Let's see if this recipe can help you out!


Ingredients

5 oz wild salmon (measured raw)

FOR MARINADE:

1 tbsp dijon mustard
1/2 tbsp olive oil
1 tsp minced garlic
Juice from half of a lemon
1 1/2 cup grilled asparagus
1/2 tbsp minced garlic

Directions

-Set oven to 405 degrees F.
-In a bowl, mix mustard, olive oil, garlic, and lemon juice.
-Pour the marinade over the salmon to completely cover it. For better flavor, place the marinating salmon in the fridge for at least one hour.
-Place the salmon on a baking sheet and top with slices of lemon (if desired). Bake for 10-12 minutes.
-Cut the bottom stems off the asparagus spears.
-Set a nonstick skillet on medium high heat and lightly spray with coconut or olive oil (if desired).
-Toss the asparagus and garlic in the skillet and sear for about 5 minutes, rolling the asparagus so that all sides are seared.
-Plate asparagus with salmon and eat up!

SPINACH-TOMATO-FETA CHEESE STUFFED CHICKEN BREAST WITH BROWN RICE

by: Adam Moore
Tuesday, June 27, 2017

SPINACH-TOMATO-FETA CHEESE STUFFED CHICKEN BREAST WITH BROWN RICE

If you're looking for a way to spice up your routine chicken breast recipe, then give this recipe a try!

Ingredients

6 oz chicken breast
1/2 cup raw spinach
1 Roma tomato
2 tbsp feta cheese
1/2 cup brown rice

Directions

-Set oven to 375 degrees F.
-Slice the chicken breast down the middle to make it look like a butterfly; be careful not to slice all the way through the chicken breast.
-Season the chicken breast with your choice of seasonings.
-Open the chicken breast and, on one side, layer spinach, tomato slices, and feta cheese.
-Fold the chicken breast like a sandwich and use toothpicks to hold the chicken breast closed.
-Bake for 18-20 minutes or until the chicken breast is completely cooked.
-Cook brown rice and add garlic and diced onion for extra flavor.
-Plate chicken and brown rice.

Lean Beef Spinach Meatball Pasta

by: Adam Moore
Monday, June 26, 2017

LEAN BEEF SPINACH MEATBALL PASTA

Ingredients

FOR MEATBALLS:

6 oz lean ground beef
1/2 cup shredded raw spinach
1/4 cup diced red onion
1 tbsp minced garlic
1/2 tbsp cumin
Sea salt and pepper, to taste

FOR PASTA:

2 oz wheat spinach pasta
1/8 cup marinara (natural and low sodium)
1 1/2 cup raw spinach
5 cherry tomatoes
1 tbsp low fat parmesan cheese

Directions
-Set oven to 405 degrees F.
-For added flavor, saute the red onions in a skillet using spray olive or coconut oil.
-Mix together ground beef, chopped raw spinach, red onion, garlic, and spices. Mix thoroughly using your hands until the spinach is completely mixed into the meat.
-Form two or three meatballs of roughly the same size using your hands. For accuracy, you can use a food scale to weigh and measure each portion.
-Place meatballs on a baking sheet and bake in the oven for 10-12 minutes.
-Cook pasta and stir in tomatoes, spinach, and cheese as desired.
-Mix in cooked meatballs and enjoy!

You Only Live Once

by: Adam Moore
Wednesday, May 24, 2017

As a supplement company owner and a fitness coach for 20 years I have heard it said a lot "well you only live once!"

Eat that cake ... you only live once. Hmm. Well it makes me wonder, if you only live once, then why not live it on your terms? The terms you have given yourself. "You only live once" isn't a reason or excuse to go and do anything that comes to your mind.

Along your path you have promised yourself certain things. Without getting too deep, I will just refer to your self made fitness promises. You have promised yourself (probably two days ago on Monday 😂) that you will eat clean, get the body you have always wanted and finally stick to that promise you have always made yourself.

When you're sitting at a restuarant and the picture of cake is staring you in the face and your friend says "have it! You only live once." Try and give that statement a second thought; yes, you only live once so when you are living it, be true to yourself. Some of our most important promises are the ones we make to ourselves.

You only live once .... so reach your goals, keep your promises and look like the badass you've always imagined.

Prepping for Meal Prep

by: Adam Moore
Monday, May 22, 2017


Meal prep is all about .... prep!  Meal prep can be a hell of a chore if you aren't prepared for it in advance and there are some things you can do to ensure it goes as quickly as possible!  With a bit of organization you can turn meal prep into a fairly quick ordeal.

  • Have your tupperware ready and accessible.  Make sure you keep it in a place which is close to the stove top so when it comes time to meal prep you can easily grab and fill them up.  Make sure the size you use is at the front and the proper lids are stored with them.  Nothing like surfing through tupperware hell.
  • Have your hardware ready at all times.  Whether it is your rice cooker, your pan for meats or your pot for pasta, make sure it is stored somewhere upfront where you don't have to move things to get to it.  Meal prepping should be the most frequent cooking you do so make sure its ready and available. 
  • Keep Mrs. Dash close!  Keep your seasonings you most frequently use within an arms length of that pan you chose.  The last thing you want to do is take the time to search through the spice rack for what you always use.
  • Steamer bags!  Buy your veggies in steamer bags!  For the most part they are the same price as buying veggies in bulk bags and even IF they are a few pennies more IT IS WORTH IT.  Toss the bag in the microwave and six minutes later you're done.  Pour them out into your tupperwares and recycle the bag.  Finished.  (Yea I said recycle.)
  • Clean as you go!  When the rice cooker is finished, distribute the rice and clean that bad boy!  Get it washed AND put away while your meat is cooking!  Whatever is finished, wash it and put it away immediately.  That way when the meal prep is done, cleaning is done right along with it!
  • Keep your supplements handy!  Don't hide them away in a cabinet somewhere or you WILL forget to take them!  Keep them out!  Besides, they look awesome anyway!

Meal prep 101 ladies and gentlemen.  Go get to it.


24 Top Benefits of Caffeine

by: Adam Moore
Wednesday, May 10, 2017


MoorePump contains a full dose of caffeine to enhance your workout but don't be fooled by the negativity!  Caffeine can have amazing benefits if used in moderation.

24 Possible Caffeine Health Benefits

1. In Japan, researchers have shown that caffeine increases memory. Also, a newer study out of Johns Hopkins University showed that a 200mg caffeine pill helped boost memory consolidation.
2. Caffeine mixed with carbs replenishes muscle glycogen concentrations faster after exercise.
3. Caffeine detoxes the liver and cleanses the colon when taken as a caffeine enema.
4. Caffeine helps keep you alert while driving during periods of sleep restriction.
5. Caffeine can stimulate hair growth on balding men and women.
6. Caffeine relieves post-workout muscle pain by up to 48%.
7. Caffeine may protect against Parkinson’s disease. Research shows that those who consume coffee are at less risk of developing Parkison’s disease and it even reduces the risk of those genetically more likely to develop the condition.
8. Caffeine helps ward off Alzheimer’s.
9. Caffeine increases stamina during exercise.
11. Caffeine may protect against Cataracts.
12. Caffeine may prevent skin cancer. A new study out of Rutgers University found that caffeine prevented skin cancer in hairless mice. 13. Another study showed that caffeinated coffee drinkers have less risk of developing melanoma.
14. Caffeine may reduce fatty liver in those with non-alcohol related fatty liver disease. This study comes out of Duke University.
15. Caffeine is shown to reduce liver fibrosis risk in patients with hepatitis C. As little as 100 mg per day is believed to have protective benefits.
16.Men who consume 250-375mg of caffeine per day have a much lower risk of developing ED (erectile dysfunction). Reduced risk was even observed among men consuming as little as 85mg of caffeine daily. This research was conducted by The University of Texas Medical School.
17. Caffeine may prevent ringing in the ears (tinnitus) in women: A study recently published in The American Journal of Medicine followed a group of 65,085 nurses since 1991. The women who consumed the most caffeine had the lowest incidences of tinnitus reported.
18. Caffeine Reduces Kidney Stone Risk. In a large 217,883 person study, those that consumed caffeine from any source had less kidney stone formation than those that did not consume caffeine. The researchers believe that this is because caffeine makes urine more dilute.
19. Caffeine improves reaction time and logical reasoning during times when sleep isn’t possible or restricted.
20. Caffeine helps those with asthma. A study published in the U.S. National Library of Medicine concluded that caffeine seems to open airways and help asthmatics breathe easier similarly to theophylline a drug currently used and one that’s a close cousin to caffeine.
21. Reduces driver error: A recent study conducted by the Australian Department of Defence found that caffeine consumption improves driving performance and reduces driver error. Caffeinated gum was used in the study on soldiers that had been sleep-deprived for 50 hours.
22. Caffeine may prevent weight gain: Research out of Germany showed that weight loss study participants who drank 2-4 cups of caffeinated coffee a day were more likely to be successful at keeping the weight off than those who did not consume caffeine.
23. Caffeine reduces chronic inflammation. Researchers from Stanford University found that caffeine blocks the expression of a gene responsible for low-grade chronic inflammation as we age. This inflammation eventually leads to high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, and heart disease.
24. Caffeine seems to help reduce this age-related inflammation in those that are regular consumers of the drug.

Ref. Caffeineinformer.com

MooreRecovery and l-Glutamine

by: Adam Moore
Monday, May 08, 2017


MooreRecovery has 5,000mg of l-Glutamine ... lets find out why.

Where it comes from:
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body—despite the fact that it's not essential. Most glutamine is stored in muscles followed by the lungs, where much of the glutamine is made. It's involved in many metabolic processes, and is the principal carrier of nitrogen in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.

What it'll do for you: "Glutamine has become increasingly popular among athletes, as it is believed that it helps prevent infections following athletic events and speeds post-exercise recovery," explains registered dietitian and American Dietetic Association spokesperson Jim White. Doctors use glutamine when men are in a catabolic state of injury or after surgeries. In the commercial world, glutamine is also marketed as a supplement used for muscle growth in bodybuilding and demanding sports. Here, a more detailed look at what it can do:

Ease trauma and burns
A double-blind study published in 2003 looked at 45 adults with severe burns—some were given glutamine supplements and others were given a control mixture. The researchers reported that glutamine supplementation in adult burn patients reduced blood infections by a factor of three, prevented a certain pathogen and reduced mortality rates.

Speed wound healing in postoperative patients
In a 2001, a study looked at patients who underwent elective surgery. Those who were given glutamine supplements intravenously showed improvement in nitrogen balance throughout their body, a corrected decreased glutamine concentration in the skeletal muscle amino acid pool and enhanced protein synthesis. Other randomized blind trials reported a decreased length in hospital stay in postoperative patients receiving glutamine supplementation.

Halt the breakdown of muscles and stimulate new growth
Amino acids form the proteins that help build much of the body's tissue—including muscle. During intense exercise blood and muscle levels of glutamine tend to fall. Additionally, studies have proven that, after a hard workout, muscles are torn down. To reverse this effect, nutrients must be fed to the muscles and protein synthesis must be stimulated to build new muscle. "If we supplement our body with glutamine before an intense training we allow our body to keep a high supply of glutamine in the muscles and stop them from breaking down," White explains. "This means the body can use the glutamine in the muscles to synthesize protein and build muscle mass."

Helps relieve treatment-related side effects of cancer
Doctors often prescribe glutamine supplements to cancer patients to help treat diarrhea, inflammation of the mouth lining, sore throats and tingling fingers and toes. Positive results have been found with patients receiving radiation therapy, bone marrow transplants and certain chemotherapies.

Ref. MensFitness.com

Muscle Meat

by: Adam Moore
Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Meat is packed with protein, but a cut of lean beef or a can of tuna offers more than just macronutrients. They're like muscle-building multivitamins!

Milo of Croton, the legendary ancient Greek wrestling champion, is said to have consumed 20 pounds of meat each day. While such a beefy intake hardly seems realistic, it does emphasize how long ago athletes perceived the importance of certain foods in strength and performance improvements.

Milo's penchant for protein-dense food would have yielded an intake level some 10-20 times greater than today's big-time protein consumers, but the difference between him and them is one of degrees, not kinds. According to a recent survey of athletes at the University of Tampa, protein remains the most sought-after nutrient for those seeking muscle gains, and for good reason! High-protein foods and supplements deliver the amino acid building blocks for muscle protein synthesis (MPS). Plus, protein-rich foods promote satiety to help control overeating, and they increase thermogenesis, the body's internal calorie-burning mechanism.

But the appeal doesn't end there. Milo's mega-meat consumption also would have delivered a host of other muscle-building and body-leaning ingredients that also happen to be some of today's best-known supplements. These foods are your friends during heavy training, and they should be evaluated strategically for the ways they can help you maximize your physique beyond the macronutrients they contain.

Let's take a closer look at two classic protein sources to see what I mean.

BEEF'S ANABOLIC BOUNTY

For many, the sizzle of grilling beef is the sound of celebration. For athletes and weight trainers, it's also the sound of protein on the way.

Unlike plant-based protein sources, beef is densely packed with the same types of proteins humans are made of: skeletal muscle proteins like myosin, actin, and troponins, as well as collagen and other connective tissue proteins. Typically animal meat is more than 80 percent protein on a dry-weight basis. Assuming leaner cuts, the protein content of beef rivals fish and poultry at about 6-7 g per oz. depending on the cut. For maximum muscle impact with minimum calories, look for rounds or loins, which are extra-lean meat cuts.

Beef is more than just a piece of charbroiled protein. It is also a major source of micronutrients including vitamin B12 and the minerals phosphorous, iron, and zinc, all of which are crucial in muscle-building and athletic performance. It's also a key source of carnosine, the dipeptide which releases beta-alanine during digestion; and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a healthy fat that's been connected in studies to decreased body fat, among other benefits. 

Beef is also one of most concentrated food sources of creatine, which it delivers to the tune of 1 g for every 8 oz. of meat. Creatine is a potent anaerobic backup energy reserve in muscle cells, usually applied during the first few seconds of high intensity muscle actions like weight training reps and sprints. It can also help increase mitochondria content in growing muscle cells, providing additional cellular energy for use in recovery and adaptation. In addition, creatine can draw and hold water into cells, which in turn supports additional protein-building.

Don't Forget About Fish

Our finned friends offer a wealth of muscle-building might and body-leaning support, both from protein and other nutrients. When it comes to protein, fish skeletal muscle is molecularly similar to mammalian skeletal muscle and offers the same 6-7 g of protein per oz., but is typically leaner. For instance, water-packed tuna derives more than 80 percent of its calories from protein, just one reason it has long been a favorite snack for athletes of all types.

The appeal goes beyond just protein. A 165 g can of tuna contains more than 3 g of leucine, the branched-chain amino acid most responsible for stimulating MPS. Tuna is also one of the best dietary sources of the amino acid arginine, which can support blood flow via nitric oxide production. That same can contains 2.5 g of arginine, as well as healthy blasts of iron, niacin, and vitamin B12. Fish also provides creatine at about the same level as beef, at approximately 1 g per 8 oz. in the case of tuna. 

Fish is also the single best source of the omega-3 fats EPA and DHA. You can get some EPA indirectly from non-meat sources like nuts and seeds, but DHA comes only from seafood. These special fats are unique in many ways, but when it comes to muscle, researchers have reported that when people consumed fish oil supplement providing a little more than 3 grams of EPA and DHA for eight weeks, their MPS was optimized in response to eating. In addition, omega-3 fats have been reported to help improve aspects of exercise recovery like reducing inflammation and soreness. One last exciting area of fish oil application is the ability of omega-3 fats to potentially support optimal testosterone formation.

In the end, protein is not all about poultry ... don't be afraid of expanding your horizons to other meat sources that can do wonders for you physique!

 


The Booty Issue

by: Adam Moore
Monday, January 23, 2017

Wanna know how to get an amazing booty and look awesome in our new leggings?  Sign up for the MooreMuscle e-program coming out tonight!


 


Joint Supplements

by: Adam Moore
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

When I give lectures and talk about glucosamine and chondroitin sulfates (G&CS), most people are surprised to learn that these two natural substances are beneficial for both young and old people.  I designed MooreJoint to be the most complete joint supplement available for purchase and let me tell you why ...

Popularized in the U.S.A. as treatments for osteoarthritis, the same reasons G&CS works for reducing the degradation of connective tissues in diseased joints, and other associated symptoms, such as pain, inflammation, stiffness, weakness, and poor flexibility, is why G&CS work to help everybody build a stronger body.

These two substances are worth including in your daily supplement program, especially when undergoing periods of strenuous training and athletic competition, or for speeding up recovery from sports related injuries.

Benefits For Athletes Are Actually Old News

In 1984 researchers in Frankfurt, Germany, brought to the attention of the world the benefits of glucosamine for healing knee problems in young athletes. A condition called chondropathia patellae is a common disorder of the knee in young athletes. The healing of this affliction must be rapid to avoid the development of future serious degenerative joint disease.  

After taking a glucosamine supplement (1,500 mg per day for a few months) the teenage athletes quickly recovered, and returned to training. Reduction in knee pain was observed in just a few weeks. Furthermore, after a 12 month period of returning to training, researchers observed that the young athletes did not experience a recurrence of the knee problem.

The results of this landmark study clearly demonstrated the potent connective tissue repair, growth promoting and maintenance abilities of glucosamine supplements for athletes. Also, helping to prevent future joint problems, including development of osteoarthritis; this is all too common among athletes and the physically active.

Research Reports More Benefits From Taking G&CS Supplements

The most recent studies even show that taking G&CS supplements helps to reduce joint space narrowing due to connective tissue wear-and-tear, and can even prevent osteoarthritis from developing in the first place. Remember G&CS builds connective tissues, such as skin, tendons, ligaments, bone, and cartilage, which forms the matrix that is involved in holding your entire body together.

G&CS are made by the body similar to other metabolites, like creatine for example, but active people (especially athletes) create a demand for these substances that can be greater than the body can supply.  

What To Do?

Take supplements of G&CS to build and repair connective tissues faster and make them stronger.

This G&SC supply and demand problem is of special concern to all athletes who subject their body's to overuse, also people whose work is physically demanding. (Aside: I keep bringing this up in my teachings, about people who are engaged in physically demanding work, because most physical labor jobs are many times more stressful, damaging and demanding on the body than athletic or bodybuilding training.

In fact, physical laborers are actually "occupational athletes", and need to follow a performance nutrition regimen for peak performance and maintenance of good health.) People engaged in progressive resistance training are especially susceptible to joint and connective tissue related injuries due to the constant wear and tear from the incredible force experienced by the joints that is created during high intensity training.  

The benefits G&CS have to offer are obvious for anyone who is interested in building a stronger, better healthier body; preventing connective tissue & joint problems; and reducing the risk of developing arthritis. Some of the first studies regarding G&CS also found a beneficial effect on improving circulatory system function.

When you think about how G&CS promote the growth of connective tissues, this makes perfect sense, as the circulatory system is made up of a high percentage of connective tissue.

More Gains, Without Pain?

Topping off the numerous benefits of taking a high quality G&CS supplement is the reduction of pain and inflammation. Conventional pain killers are common to athletes; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and steroidal drugs, for example. Surgery is commonly required to relieve the pain and inflammation due to athletic related connective tissue injuries.

But, the good news is that research reports taking G&CS supplements can reduce pain and inflammation, in some cases as good as ibuprofen, and without the side effects common to NSAID's and steroidal drugs. A double bonus is that G&CS builds the body in the process of reducing pain and inflammation, making the best of both world's possible.

Note: most NSAID's and steroidal drugs prescribed for pain have damaging effects on the body with long-term use, G&CS do not have these adverse effects.

Here is a summary of what some of the medical studies report about the numerous benefits people have experienced from taking high quality, research grade Glucosamine & Chondroitin Sulfate and why you should consider including a G&CS supplement in to your athletic nutrition program:

Improved wound healing
Faster recovery from injuries
Pain relief / reduction in pain levels
Reduction in pain at rest
Reduction in joint tenderness
Reduction in joint swelling
Improved physical performance
Reduction in rubbing noises of the joints
Increased flexibility / range of motion
Inhibition of connective tissue degradation
Stabilize joint space width
Treatment of osteoarthritis
Joint health improvements
Enhanced synthesis of connective tissues
Help reduce exercise related injuries
Reduction in knee pain
Slows tissue degradation
Increases bone healing and repair
Improves skin appearance
Reduce skin wrinkles and fine lines

For muscle building athletes these benefits are outstanding. If you never tried taking G&CS supplements before, first time users will notice a very pronounced improvement in muscle growth rate, muscle density, and joint strength and function. You should also see improvements in other parts of your body, as G&CS support growth of all tissues.

For example, improved skin appearance (including reduction in fine lines and wrinkles), reduction in the incidence and duration of injuries, faster recover from injuries, and overall improved body motion abilities, plus a reduction in pain and inflammation. Even stronger nails and thickening of hair (the shafts, not number of hairs) is commonly reported by G&CS users.

Taking G&CS For Best Results

The key to getting the same results reported in the scientific studies is to use a high quality, research grade G&CA supplement, at the proper daily dosage and for a proper duration to time. Taking glucosamine and CS separately works, and taking them together may work even better.

The most effective dosages reported in the medical research studies is 1,500 mg Glucosamine and 1,200 mg Chondroitin sulfate per day, usually taken in divided dosages; total daily dosage divided over 2 or 3 smaller dosages; taken in the morning, (afternoon), and evening.

Note that smaller dosages of Glucosamine and Chondroitin sulfate can be beneficial to help support connective tissue growth in a general way. But the higher dosages should be taken for first timer's, and under the aforementioned circumstances of training or affliction.

While some results will be noticed in just weeks, it is best to take G&CS for several months at a time, and on going to prevent or manage existing problems. Studies have tracked the safe use of G&CS for three years, with no major side effects reported.

Some times gastrointestinal upset may occur, which usually goes away on its own, or by taking the G&CS supplement with meals. Also, maintaining good hydration by drinking adequate amounts of water is always useful.

I recommend you only take a high quality research grade product, in capsule from, which will provide you with better results. Good quality glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are expensive ingredients, especially CS. So, products with low retail prices usually indicates that cheaper ingredients were use to make them.


Scientific References

Bohmer D, Ambrus P, Szogy A, and G. Haralambie. A Treatment of chrondropathia patellae in young athletes with glucosamine sulfate. Current Topics in Sports Medicine, Vienna, Austria: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1984:799-803.

Braham, R. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. Br J Sports Med 2003;37:45-49.

Bruyee, O. et al. Correlation between radiographic severity on knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2003 jan;11(1):1-5.

Burger, Martin et al. Observations of the influence of chondroitin sulphate on the rate of bone repair. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1962; 44B(3):674-687.

Burke E. Nutrients that accelerate healing. Strength and Conditioning 1997:19-23.

Crolle, G et al. Glucosamine sulphate for the management of arthrosis: a controlled clinical investigation. Curr. Med Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):104-109.

D'Ambrosio E. Glucosamine sulphate: a controlled clinical investigation in arthrosis. Pharmatherapeutica 1981; 2(8):504-508.

Das A Jr, Hammad TA. Efficacy of a combination of FCHG49 glucosamine hydrochloride, TRH122 low molecular weight sodium chondroitin sulfate and manganese ascorbate in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2000 Sep;8(5):343-50.

Delafuente JC. Glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2000;26(1): 1-11.

Drovanni A. Therapeutic activity of oral glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthrosis: a placebo-controlled double-blind investigation. Clinical Therapy 1980:260-272.

Gottlieb MS. Conservative management of spinal osteoarthritis with glucosamine sulfate and chiropractic treatment. J Manipulative Ther 1997; 20(6):400-414.

Kayne SB et al. Is glucosamine an effective treatment for osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis. The Pharmaceutical Journal 2000;265:750-763.

Kelly GS. The role of glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfates in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. Altern Med Rev 1998;3(1): 27-39.

Leffler CT, Philippi AF, Leffler SG, Mosure JC, Kim PD. Glucosamine, chondroitin, and manganese ascorbate for degenerative joint disease of the knee or low back: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Mil Med. 1999 Feb;164(2):85-91.

Lippiello L, Woodward J, Karpman R, Hammad TA. In vivo chondroprotection and metabolic synergy of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Clin Orthop. 2000 Dec;(381):229-40.

Lippiello L. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate: biological response modifiers of chondrocytes under simulated conditions of joint stress. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2003 May;11(5):335-42.

Mazieres B et al. Chondroitin sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee: A prospective, double blind, placebo controlled multicenter clinical study. Journal of Rheumatology 2001;28:173-81.

McAlindon TE, MP La Valley, JP Gulin and DT Felson. "Glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic quality assessment and meta-analysis," JAMA 2000; 283(11):1469-1475.

McCarty M. Glucosamine for wound healing. Med Hypotheses 1996;47:273-5.

Moss M. The effect of chondroitin sulfate on bone healing. Georgetown University School of Dentistry 1965; 20(6):795-801.

Murad H. and Tabibian M. P., The effect of an oral supplement containing glucosamine, amino acids, minerals, and antioxidants on cutaneous aging: a preliminary study. J Dermatolog Treat 2001 Mar;12(1)47-51.

Pujalte J et al. Double-blind clinical evaluation of oral glucosamine sulphate in the basic treatment of osteoarthrosis. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):110-114.

Qiu, G. X., et al. Efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate versus ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Arzneimittelforschung 1998 May;48(5):469-474.

Reginster J. Effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet 2001; 357(9252):251-256.

Reichelt A, Forster K, Fisher M, et al. Efficacy and safety of intramuscular glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Arzneimittelforschung 1994;44:75-80.

Rindone J, Hiller D, Collacott E, et al. Randomized, controlled trials of glucosamine for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. West J Med 2000;172:91-4.

Ronca, L., et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of chondroitin sulfate. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 1998; 6 Supp:14-21.

Setnikar I et al. Antiarthritic effects of glucosamine sulfate studied in animal models, Arzmelm-Forch/Drug Res 1991; 41(5):541-545.

Uebelhard, D., et al. Effects of oral chondroitin sulfate on the progression of knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1998 May;6 Suppl A:39-46.

Vajaradul Y. Double-blind clinical evaluation of intra-articular glucosamine in outpatients with gonarthrosis. Clinical Therapy 1981:336-342.

van Blitterswijk WJ, van de Nes JC, Wuisman PI. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate supplementation to treat symptomatic disc degeneration: biochemical rationale and case report. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2003 Jun 10;3(1):2.

Vaz AL. Double-blind clinical evaluation of the relative efficacy of ibuprofen and glucosamine sulphate in the management of osteoarthrosis of the knee in out-patients. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1982; 8(3):145-149.

This article is not intended to replace medical advice; consult your doctor for all matters related to your health.